Safe Sex

What is safe sex?No risk or very low risk – No reported cases due to these behaviours
  • Masturbation – mutual masturbation
  • Touching – massage
  • Erotic massage – body rubbing
  • Kissing
  • Oral sex on a man with a condom
  • Not sharing drug injecting, body piercing instruments, needles, syringes
  • Using properly sterilised hospital tools
Low risk – Rare reported cases due to these behaviours
  • Deep kissing
  • Oral sex
  • Vaginal intercourse with a condom or female condom
  • Anal intercourse with a condom (Try not to get semen or blood into the mouth or on broken skin.)
High risk – Hundreds of thousands of reported cases are associated with the following.
  • Vaginal intercourse without a condom
  • Anal intercourse without a condom
  • Sharing needles, syringes and other body piercing instruments

And what is the UNAIDS definition of ABC?

For UNAIDS, ABC means:

  • A bstinence or delaying first sex
  • B eing safer by being faithful to one partner or by reducing the number of sexual partners
  • C orrect and consistent use of condoms for sexually active young people, couples in which one partner is HIV-positive, sex workers and their clients, and anyone engaging in sexual activity with partners who may have been at risk of HIV exposure.2
  1. How can I avoid being infected through sex? Ans. You can avoid HIV infection by abstaining from sex, by having a mutually faithful monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner or by practicing safer sex. Safer sex involves the correct use of a condom during each sexual encounter and also includes non-penetrative sex.


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