Care After HIV

  1. How is HIV Treated?

Ans. Currently there is no way to get rid of all the virus once a person is infected. However, new medicines can slow the damage that HIV causes to the immune system. Also, doctors are getting better at treating the illnesses that are caused by HIV infection. Many people now consider HIV infection a manageable, long-term illness.


  1. What If a Friend or Associate Has HIV Infection or AIDS?

Ans. A friend or acquaintance will need your support and understanding, just as with any other life-threatening illness. Assurance of your continued friendship is very important. Most importantly, your friend will want to be treated as usual-as a valuable human being. And remember, casual contact-a hug, a handshake, a kiss on the cheek-poses no threat of infection to you.


What care should be taken by an HIV-infected person?

  • See a health care professional for a complete medical work-up for HIV infection and advice on treatment and health maintainance. Make sure you are tested for TB and other STDs. For women, this includes a regular gynecological exam.
    To take his/her prescribed medicines regularly with excellent adherence.
  • To inculcate health lifestyles.
  • To take regular exercises.
  • To eat nutritious food and fresh green leafy vegetable as well as fruits.
  • To avoid eating stale food
  • To drink clean and potable water to prevent diarrhea illness.
  • To avoid crowded places to prevent acquisition of respiratory infections.
  • To have regular medical check-ups and avail counseling whenever required.
  • To confide in doctors. Remember that confidentiality is maintained and this will help them give correct advice.
  • Not to donate blood or any organs.
  • To practice safer sex options and avoid unprotected penetrative sex as far as possible.
  • Avoid sharing of shaving razor/blade, toothbrush with others, despite low transmission risk to others.
  • Women should take decisions related to pregnancy after counseling and medical opinion.
  • To maintain a healthy and positive outlook towards life.
  • Avoid drug and alcohol use, practice good nutrition, and avoid fatigue and stress.


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